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Specialized Courts to Implement Verdicts in Saudi Arabia

Guiding Principle

Consistent with the provisions of the Saudi Execution Law, the Saudi judiciary has announced the establishment of new courts specialized in executing verdicts. The primary jurisdiction of these courts is to execute the enforceable verdicts as ratified by the Courts of Appeal. The judges at the new courts shall have the jurisdiction for the compulsory execution and its supervision.

A.  The Saudi Execution Law

On 2012, Saudi Arabia promulgated the Execution Law (“SA-EL”)[1] for the purpose of governing the verdicts execution process in the Kingdom. The new law granted the judges at the execution courts, i.e. the execution judges, the jurisdiction and supervision over compulsory execution, assisted by the necessary execution officers.

The execution judges shall have the jurisdiction to issue decisions and orders relating to execution and shall have the right to obtain the assistance of the police and the competent force, besides the order to prevent from travelling and lifting it, the order of detainment, the disclosure of the assets , imprisonment,   and to view cases of insolvency.

In line with their jurisdiction, the execution judges are entitled to settle the execution disputes regardless of their value. They have also all the necessary powers to issue the related decisions and orders. All the resolutions of the judges are final, while their verdicts for settling execution disputes or insolvency claims are subject to final appeal.

The compulsory execution may not be undertaken except with an executive bond for a due specific amount right.

Executing non-Saudi verdicts and orders may be ordered by the execution judge under the same conditions prescribed in the regulations of this country for the accredited documents that are to be executed in Saudi Arabia based on reciprocity.

B.  The Execution Courts

At the 4th meeting of the Saudi Supreme Council of Magistracy (“SCM”) on 07.09.2013, it was announced that new specialized courts for executing verdicts in the Kingdom shall be established. The announcement came consistent with the text of the SA-EL that entitles the SCM to establish such courts if there is a need for that.

The new courts are established with the purpose to execute the enforceable verdicts as ratified by the Courts of Appeal. Such task shall be carried out by granting its judges all the necessary powers and assistance from the other relevant authorities for enforcing these verdicts as clarified in the SA-EL.

The SCM has decided to support the current execution circuits at the general courts as well through dedicating more judges for supervising the execution of verdicts and establishing new circuits specialized for execution

July, 2013 Hany Kenawi
Meyer-Reumann & Partners, Saudi Office


[1] The Saudi Arabian Execution Statute (Law), promulgated by the Royal Decree No. M/53 dated 13.08.1433 A.H. corresponding to 03.07.2012 G, published at the official gazette “Um el Qurah” dated 13.10.1433 A.H. corresponding to 31.08.2012 G (abbrev. “SA-EL”).

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